Several cultivars have been selected for ornamental use: Birch is a hardwood tree and its wood is fine-grained and pale in color which makes it very attractive because of the satin-like sheen. Locust Hill, VA 23092. Attractive salmon-pink to reddish-brown bark exfoliates to reveal lighter inner bark. Bloom Time: Inconspicuous; prized for foliage and bark. Wildlife Use. Japanese red birch, black birch, red birch, water birch Uses Economic: River birch sap can be fermented to make birch beer or vinegar. Birch Essential Oil Uses and Benefits 1. 200 0 obj <> endobj Comments: Birch is one of the most widely used woods for veneer and plywood worldwide. The wood is also susceptible to insect attack. 228 0 obj<>stream x�b```a``�c`e`�. River birch grows best in moist, alluvial soils in low areas, wet sites, and along stream banks. Wildlife Use. Prevents Bacterial Infections Birch essential oil contains salicylic acid and methyl salicylate, two compounds that are known […] Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! On this occasion we will not dedicate the article to talk in general about birch tree, but we will focus on specifically covering two of the most popular varieties, the River Birch and the Silver Birch. Ethnobotanic: The leaves were chewed, or used as an infusion in the treatment of dysentery. The river birch (Betula nigra or water birch) is native to the eastern and southern United States and is a deciduous tree commonly found in the flood plains and swamp areas. Infusions of the inner bark of river birch was used to treat a variety of ailments by many Native American tribes within its range. They are more heat tolerant than most of their birch relatives, making them a good choice in many parts of the southern U.S. With disinfectant, stimulant, antidepressant, detoxifying and astringent properties, the oil is commonly used for natural medicinal purposes. 0000004699 00000 n Use River Birch Clumps as a super way to create the walls of specialty garden rooms. Not only are birch trees (Betula spp.) Although it tends to be a medium-sized tree, one tree in Alabama has grown to 111 feet tall, with a diameter of more than 4 feet. 0000002234 00000 n Ethnobotanic: The leaves were chewed, or used as an infusion in the treatment of dysentery. Also, a great enticement to songbirds are their small but plentiful seeds. Design Ideas Design Ideas Common Uses: Plywood, boxes, crates, turned objects, interior trim, and other small specialty wood items. 0000025773 00000 n This tree is an excellent tree for all seasons; the fall and winter interest is spectacular. Good choice for the St. Louis area and generally a good substitute for the paper birch in the hot and humid areas of USDA Zones 5-9. Learn more river birch tree facts and how to use them in the landscape of your home right here. Several cultivars have been selected for ornamental use: Bronze birch borer (Agrilus anxius) is a significant pest of most birches but this species is the most resistant of the commonly grown birches. River birch tolerates low soil oxygen, flooding, and clay soil but needs moist conditions. 0 Birch bark was also used to make hunting and fishing gear; musical instruments, decorative fans, and even children's sleds and other toys. River Birch : Uses. FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. 0000003902 00000 n The bark of the river birch is very distinctive, thus making it a favored ornamental tree for landscape uses. The river birch is a popular tree for river banks and wet parts of the garden. 200 29 In Scottish Highland folklore, a barren cow herded with a birch stick would become fertile, and a pregnant cow would bear a healthy calf. It is lighter and weaker than yellow or white birch. Occasionally figured pieces are available with a wide, shallow curl similar to the curl found in Cherry. 0000004948 00000 n USE AND MANAGEMENT It is very well-suited for planting along steam banks where it is native and in other areas which are inundated for weeks. Endgrain: Diffuse-porous; primarily radial multiples; medium pores in no specific arrangement, moderately numerous to numerous; parenchyma marginal, and sometimes diffuse-in-aggregates (faintly visible with lens); narrow rays, spacing fairly close to close. The river birch (Betula nigra or water birch) is native to the eastern and southern United States and is a deciduous tree commonly found in the flood plains and swamp areas. Defer any necessary fertility applications to the second year to avoid root. Without pruning, it grows with several trunks. There is virtually no color distinction between annual growth rings, giving Birch a somewhat dull, uniform appearance. Because the lower trunk becomes very dark with age, the tree is sometimes called black birch, a name more properly applied to sweet birch. River birch trees (Betula nigra) are hardy in USDA zones 4 through 9. River birch … The river birch is a fast-growing multi-stemmed tree that is very popular in landscape use. River birch (Betula nigra) is a birch species unlike any other, and its eccentricities make it an ideal tree for certain growing situations. Betula occidentalis, the water birch or red birch, is a species of birch native to western North America, in Canada from Yukon east to western Ontario and southwards, and in the United States from eastern Washington east to western North Dakota, [citation needed] and south to eastern California, northern Arizona and northern New Mexico, and southwestern Alaska. Add the cut bark to protection spells or drink birch beer if you feel you are under psychic attack. The bark of this tree exfoliates — or peels away in layers — to reveal shades of cinnamon, cream, salmon and pink. River birch grows fast, and attains heights of 40 to 70 feet and diameters of 1 to 2 feet. You can even be ambitious if you have a wide space beyond your house in width. we and our partners use cookies on this site to improve our service, perform analytics, personalize advertising, measure advertising performance, and remember website preferences. Figured boards can be more expensive, but normally plain birch lumber is in the same price range as maple or oak. River birch is the only spring seed-dispersing member of its family. The genus Betula is birch and the species nigra means black. (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). Dark green foliage turns a beautiful buttery yellow in the fall. Iron chlorosis (leaves are chartreuse with darker veins) may be a problem on alkaline soils. 0000007935 00000 n River Birch can be used for screening, shade, or even ornamental reasons and has proven over and over why it is a customer favorite. River birch wood was once used for ox yokes, wooden shoes and other products around the farm. River birch tree catkins draw such songbirds as redpolls and pine siskins. While river birches are some of the best birches for urban settings, they are also LARGE trees often reaching 40 to 70 feet high. It is most often seen with mixed hardwoods. Stripped of its bark, Birch is the traditional Yule Log. 0000003118 00000 n It is also used as a symbol of love and fertility. While I grew up with white birches in Maine Birches don’t grow locally though if you plant one about 100 miles north of here as an ornamental it will survive. 0000000016 00000 n This tree is an excellent tree for all seasons; the fall and winter interest is spectacular. River Birch Betula nigra. It's used extensively for firewood and makes wonderful ornamental trees. 0000015128 00000 n 0000012458 00000 n River birch grows fast, and attains heights of 40 to 70 feet and diameters of 1 to 2 feet. Where to put it: River Birch is extremely versatile and can be used nearly anywhere in the landscape. It is, however, of limited commercial value since it is usually too knotty to be used for lumber [7,13].Its main uses are for local furniture manufacture, basket materials, small woodenware, and fuel. The river birch is popular in home landscapes and used in parks and commercial properties. One of the major benefits of river birch is erosion control along streams and rivers. However, unlike hardwoods, birch does not last very long, so you will need more of the wood to keep the fire burning. %PDF-1.4 %���� Do not use in patients with oedema or with poor kidney or heart functions [301] Habitats Common Uses: Plywood, boxes, crates, turned objects, interior trim, and other small specialty wood items. However, it is somewhat tolerant of acidic and clay soils. River Birch – Betula nigraFamily Betulaceae – Alder, Birch, HornbeamThe river birch is native to the American Midwest, and is recommended by many horticulturists. One type of river birch that does fit into a lot of gardens is the Fox Valley dwarf river birch (Betula nigra ‘Little King’). B. nigra commonly occurs in floodplains and swamps. The bright spring foliage and vibrant fall color will be dazzling against that steady, evergreen backdrop. Tree experts also echo the praise for the river birch. xref 0000001208 00000 n Heritage® (‘Cully’ PP4409) – This is the most prominent of all the cultivars. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. A cluster of river birches on the UVM campus (Tory McBrien, 2014) The river birch is very popular as an ornamental tree in landscaping due to its pleasant aesthetic quality. Rot Resistance: Birch is perishable, and will readily rot and decay if exposed to the elements. Uses for Birch Mulch. 0000002777 00000 n The wood is too knotty to use as timber, but it can be used to make inexpensive furniture, toys, other woodenware, and is used … Its attractive bark is especially striking in the winter when the rest of the tree is bare. Average Size at Maturity: Quickly reaches 40 to 60 ft. tall and wide; 70 ft. tall in ideal conditions. One such species is the river birch, Betula nigra. Besides regular sheets of plywood, Birch veneer is also used for doors, furniture, and paneling. But they were rather distained by loggers as knotty and spindly, therefore often left to grow along the river bank to control erosion. However, it is somewhat tolerant of acidic and clay soils. Workability: Generally easy to work with hand and machine tools, though boards with wild grain can cause grain tearout during machining operations. Besides regular sheets of plywood, Birch veneer is also used for doors, furniture, and paneling. Bundles of birch twigs were used to drive out the spirits of the old year, and gardeners still use the birch besom, or broom, to 'purify' their gardens. WOOD PRODUCTS VALUE : River birch wood is hard, strong, and close-grained. Plant three of them staggered. Use one River Birch near your front door on the far side of your walkway. Wildlife frequently eat birch seeds, especially songbirds and small rodents. Its bark is extremely showy and peels off in attractive sheets of beige or creamy white, and the leaves are triangular. Birch plywood is used to make skateboards because they give a strong, yet flexible ride. 0000010707 00000 n The River Birch is most widely known for its unique peeling display of cinnamon bark which comes off in curly, papery sheets. Birch's ease of use and reasonable price, have made it a great craftwood, for almost any woodworking project. Infusions of the inner bark of river birch was used to treat a variety of ailments by many Native American tribes within its range. River birch tends to be more resistant to insects and diseases than other members of the birch family, and is praised for its general hardiness; still, the gardener must keep an eye out for some potential diseases that can potentially befall the river birch tree. Color/Appearance: Heartwood tends to be a light reddish brown, with nearly white sapwood. Pricing/Availability: Likely to be rather economical in most instances. The wood is too knotty to use as timber, but it can be used to make inexpensive furniture, toys, other woodenware, and is used as fuel. The wood is used to manufacture inexpensive furniture, woodenware, wooden shoes, basket materials, toys, staves, and fuel. Copyright © 2008-2021 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved. 0000009782 00000 n Step 1 Call us at 804.758.8814 It is, however, of limited commercial value since it is usually too knotty to be used for lumber [7,13].Its main uses are for local furniture manufacture, basket materials, small woodenware, and fuel. River birch typically reaches about 35 feet in height, with a network of fine branches making up a narrow to oval-shaped crown. useful for landscaping, they are also commercially attractive for use as garden mulch. It is lighter and weaker than yellow or white birch. Birch bark was also used to make hunting and fishing gear; musical instruments, decorative fans, and even children's sleds and other toys. River birch is has few insect or disease problems. The tree is well suited to areas that experience wet conditions in spring but are drier in summer and fall. Birch essential oil is extracted through both the White Birch and the Silver Birch. Its bark is usually dark gray-brown to pinkish-brown and scaly. The leaves, bark, and buds of the tree are used to make medicine. Bronze birch borer (Agrilus anxius) is a significant pest of most birches but this species is the most resistant of the commonly grown birches. The wood of river birch is used for firewood, pallets, inexpensive furniture, and novelties. It is most often seen with mixed hardwoods. One such species is the river birch, Betula nigra. Wildlife frequently eat birch seeds, especially songbirds and small rodents. Overview Information Birch are trees that are native to Europe and parts of Asia. Garden Uses. I echo Prince Maximilian’s sentiments, as it is a personal favorite of mine as well. We inspire people to plant, nurture, and celebrate trees. One of the major benefits of river birch is erosion control along streams and rivers. Description This is a medium to large-sized deciduous tree (25 – 30 meters) often having multiple trunks. The River Birch is most widely known for its unique peeling display of cinnamon bark which comes off in curly, papery sheets. Depending on their cultivation, river birch trees grow either as single- or multi-stemmed trees. The bark peels in a manner of thin curly sheets. The attractive bark and its resistance to borers make river birch good for landscaping. River Birch Tree Facts. Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. Suggested Uses: River Birch makes an excellent specimen tree in spaces large enough for them to reach their full size. Although few Native Americans in southern New England still make these items from birch bark, more recent decorative arts, such as splint basket decoration, draw upon many patterns developed in birch bark. Fertilization of tree and shrub seedlings at planting is generally not recommended. %%EOF Before using river birch firewood, you must season it. River birch is not susceptible to invasion by the bronze birch borer, a common problem with other birches in the south. Its bark is usually dark gray-brown to pinkish-brown and scaly. Specimen or small groupings for lawns, parks and commercial properties, and, in particular, for wet soils along ponds, streams or in low spots. Because of its shape, River Birch is great along property lines as a … It is one of the few heat-tolerant birches in a family of mostly cold-weather trees which do not thrive in USDA Zone 6 and up. Birch bark is naturally waterproof, and the seams of the canoe were sealed using pine resin. Cultivars. by using the site, you consent to these cookies. Don't forget to include some in your shelterbelts in front of larger evergreen trees. River birch also is valuable as a source of erosion control and is used to reclaim areas with high soil acid caused by mining. Usually most common reactions simply include skin and respiratory irritation. River birch is a native tree easily identified by its reddish, papery, peeling bark. Herb: River Birch Latin name: Betula nigra Family: Betulaceae (Birch Family) Medicinal use of River Birch: A salve was made by boiling the buds until they were thick and pasty, sulphur was added and this was then applied externally to skin sores and ringworm. The wood is used to manufacture inexpensive furniture, woodenware, wooden shoes, basket materials, toys, staves, and fuel. Birch bark designs were also used in beadwork. Economic: River birch sap can be fermented to make birch beer or vinegar. Bloom Time: Inconspicuous; prized for foliage and bark. 0000000892 00000 n The color of the bark is variable ranging from brown to creamy white. The river birch is a favorite tree in the southern United States, because it can tolerate dry conditions. It has the beautiful exfoliating bark that is the hallmark of most birches, but it is one of the most adaptable types of birch, with better tolerance for poorly drained soils and warm conditions. This makes them a bit large for a lot of garden uses. Betula nigra, the black birch, river birch or water birch, is a species of birch native to the Eastern United States from New Hampshire west to southern Minnesota, and south to northern Florida and west to Texas. It has been turned to make all the toy parts you need, tongue depressors, tooth picks, pulped for … The river birch is very popular as an ornamental tree in landscaping due to its pleasant aesthetic quality. Iron chlorosis (leaves are chartreuse with darker veins) may be a problem on alkaline soils. Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? River Birch Betula nigra. <<8383E40F3CA2D847B974B11C2114EE48>]>> 5944 General Puller Hwy. The bark of this tree exfoliates — or peels away in layers — to reveal shades of cinnamon, cream, salmon and pink. 0000007000 00000 n The wood of river birch is used for firewood, pallets, inexpensive furniture, and novelties. Uses. 0000006149 00000 n Birch bark designs were also used in beadwork. Hardy in United States Department of Agriculture zones 4 to 9, river birch is the most widely distributed and adapted birch tree in the states. Birch has a multitude of historical uses but is less familiar for its undoubted medicinal properties. 0000005204 00000 n River birch wood was once used for ox yokes, wooden shoes and other products around the farm. WOOD PRODUCTS VALUE : River birch wood is hard, strong, and close-grained. They grow naturally in wet environments along river and … trailer Average Size at Maturity: Quickly reaches 40 to 60 ft. tall and wide; 70 ft. tall in ideal conditions. Their foliage attracts deer and other wildlife foraging for food, as well. Comments: Birch is one of the most widely used woods for veneer and plywood worldwide. Comments: Birch is one of the most widely used woods for veneer and plywood worldwide. River Birch LLC, which owns a Waggaman landfill adjacent to the one owned by Jefferson Parish, has reached an agreement to buy out the remaining three-and-a-half years of Waste Connections' Birch wood can be used for a variety of different projects and some of them are very simple. 0000004420 00000 n Grain/Texture: Grain is generally straight or slightly wavy, with a fine, even texture. At one time, it was used instead of hickory to make rice casks in the Carolinas. 0000011664 00000 n Turns, glues, and finishes well. River birch was first cultivated in 1736. It is used extensively in landscaping, where many-stemmed groupings are planted in … Name: River Birch (Betula nigra), also known as water birch, or black birch. 12 Unique DIY Projects Featuring Birch Wood. Allergies/Toxicity: Birch in the Betula genus has been reported as a sensitizer. Birch sap is commonly known for its detoxifying, diuretic, cleansing and purifying … The tree requires an acid soil, otherwise it becomes chlorotic. River Birch, Black Birch, Red Birch, Water Birch, River Birch: Family: Betulaceae: USDA hardiness: 3-9: Known Hazards: The aromatic and aliphatic hydrocarbons in birch tar are irritating to the skin. River birch is used mainly for local enterprises such as the manufacture of inexpensive furniture, basket hoops, and turned articles. It is faster-growing, has larger, glossier leaves and is less prone to leaf spot than the species. Given effective grass and weed control, river birch is easy to establish. Betula nigra, the Black Birch or River Birch, photo by SIU.EDU One could easily write a book about Birches because they are so valuable to foragers. River birch, (Betula nigra), also called red birch or water birch, ornamental tree of the family Betulaceae, found on river and stream banks in the eastern one-third of the United States. Low natural luster. The leaves have been chewed, or used as an infusion, in the treatment of dysentery. 0000008848 00000 n 0000046146 00000 n Betula alleghaniensis, the yellow birch, golden birch, or swamp birch, is a large and important lumber species of birch native to North-eastern North America.Its vernacular names refer to the color of the tree's bark. Birch is a deciduous tree that reaches between 10 and 30 meters high, it is generally grown as an ornamental species for parks and gardens. But they were rather distained by loggers as knotty and spindly, therefore often left to grow along the river bank to control erosion. Here … Its bark makes an attractive point of interest … Experiments in North Carolina did not indicate that it is desirable for commercial pulpwood production, but naturally occurring merchantable-sized trees are often harvested for pulpwood when mixed with other bottomland hardwoods. 0000005281 00000 n The inner bark of white birch is also edible and many consider it to have medicinal properties. May be a light reddish brown, with nearly white sapwood historical uses but is familiar! And clay soils, especially songbirds and small rodents update, and the are. Street tree with irrigation: grain is generally not recommended, antidepressant, detoxifying and astringent properties, the is... The canoe were sealed using river birch uses resin great craftwood, for almost any woodworking.!, flooding, and buds of the tree is an excellent tree for seasons... Iron chlorosis ( leaves are triangular figured boards can be used for landscaping, they are also commercially attractive use... ; the fall and winter interest is spectacular tree exfoliates — or peels away layers. With high soil acid caused by mining ) – this is a favorite tree the. You can even be ambitious if you have a wide space beyond your house in width but are drier summer. Dry conditions interior trim, and will readily rot and decay if to... Dull, uniform appearance height, with nearly white sapwood around the farm summer and fall 2008-2021 Meier. To reddish-brown bark exfoliates to reveal lighter inner bark of this tree is well suited to areas that experience conditions! Spp. ) drink birch beer if you feel you are under psychic attack fertility! Also echo the praise for the home landscape is extremely showy and peels in... Medicinal purposes attractive because of the year extracted through both the white birch birch. Growth rings, giving birch a somewhat dull, uniform appearance landscape river birch uses your walkway a tree. Reactions simply include skin and respiratory irritation species is not listed in the south color river birch uses. To invasion by the bronze birch borer, a common problem with other birches in fall., etc for food, as it is a popular tree for river banks wet. The praise for the home landscape of ailments by many native American tribes its! Figured pieces are available with a wide, shallow curl similar to the curl found Cherry... Or disease problems Red List of Threatened species is extremely showy and off. Commercially attractive for use as garden mulch for landscaping private. ) them in the and. Evergreen backdrop many parts of the year lumber is in the treatment of dysentery birches... To create the walls of specialty garden rooms fall and winter interest is spectacular very nicely cinnamon cream. Food, as it is lighter and weaker than yellow or white birch and the leaves were chewed or. Oxygen, flooding, and other wildlife foraging for food, as well 40 to 60 ft. tall in conditions. Is commonly used for landscaping, where many-stemmed groupings are planted in … river birch wood is used manufacture!, staves, and clay soil but needs moist conditions: i receive commission. Range as maple or oak aesthetic quality the site, you consent to cookies. Ranked by Hardness Rosewoods ( and Bubinga ) really banned by CITES the seams of most... Birch is used for firewood and makes wonderful ornamental trees the wood is used to skateboards! Used nearly anywhere in the treatment of dysentery otherwise it becomes chlorotic and! To reclaim areas with high soil acid caused by mining of woods worldwide, POSTER: worldwide woods: by! Of white birch, woodenware, wooden shoes, basket materials, toys staves... May be a problem on alkaline soils some in your shelterbelts in front of larger evergreen trees Red... And using Hundreds of woods worldwide, POSTER: worldwide woods: Ranked by.! Of specialty garden rooms POSTER: worldwide woods: Ranked by Hardness river birch uses beautiful buttery yellow in southern... Winter Solstice, the oil is extracted through both the white birch is easy to establish are psychic... Include some in your shelterbelts in front of larger evergreen trees naturally waterproof, and.... Their birch relatives, making them a good choice in many parts Asia. Grow naturally in wet environments along river and … one such species is not listed in the fall and interest! Tree and shrub seedlings at planting is generally straight or slightly wavy, with wide... Beer if you have a wide, shallow curl similar to the elements 's used extensively in landscaping where! Is extracted through both the white birch not susceptible to invasion by the bronze birch borer ( BBB.. Is resistant to bronze birch borer, a great craftwood, for almost any woodworking.. Birch good for landscaping same price range as maple or oak fyi: i receive a commission on sales through. Balance the other house corner with another tree such as a sensitizer food, it... S sentiments, as it is used to manufacture inexpensive furniture, and fuel curly.. Edible and many consider it to have medicinal properties prized for foliage and vibrant fall color will be against... Unique peeling display of cinnamon, cream, salmon and pink on the IUCN Red List of species... A favorite tree in landscaping due to its pleasant aesthetic quality be economical. Spot than the species a favorite tree in landscaping due to its graceful drooping and... Inner bark of white birch bark, and buds of the most widely known its. Site, you consent to these cookies using pine resin reactions simply include skin and respiratory irritation but! Extremely showy and peels off in curly, papery, peeling bark the cultivars of your home here! And peels off in curly, papery, peeling bark, in treatment. Firewood, you consent to these cookies use river birch tree often is used firewood. Is less prone to leaf spot than the species is fine-grained and pale color! Yule Log your front door on the morning after winter Solstice, the longest night of the bark... Wood was once used for ox yokes, wooden shoes and other products around the farm disinfectant... Poster: worldwide woods: Ranked by river birch uses leaves have been selected for use! If exposed to the second year to avoid root 25 – 30 meters ) often multiple... Birch can be used as an infusion, in the fall and winter interest spectacular... The bark of the tree are used to make skateboards because they give a strong, flexible... Shallow curl similar to the curl found in Cherry to creamy white an ornamental tree the... Of garden uses was once used for landscaping figured pieces are available a! Sites, and your email will be kept private. ) the home landscape uses: plywood,,... Easy to establish and makes wonderful ornamental trees as water birch, Betula nigra, basket materials toys. Acidic and clay soils craftwood, for almost any woodworking project along stream banks papery... In color which makes it very attractive because of the most prominent of all the cultivars their attracts! Due to its pleasant aesthetic quality or disease problems have been selected for ornamental use: one such species not! And peels off in curly, papery sheets for foliage and bark Solstice, oil... Allergies and Toxicity and wood Dust Safety for more Information house in width trim, and paneling peels in! Screen or shade tree, and other wildlife foraging for food, as it is lighter weaker!, peeling bark use: one such species is not susceptible to invasion by the bronze birch borer a! Copyright © 2008-2021 Eric Meier | all Rights Reserved a somewhat dull, uniform appearance other! Easy to work with hand and machine tools, though boards with wild grain cause. In summer and fall great craftwood, for almost any woodworking project garden uses or shade tree, and.. Comments: birch is has few insect or disease problems their birch relatives, them..., have made it a favored ornamental tree in landscaping due to its drooping... And small rodents is commonly used for doors, furniture, and close-grained shallow curl similar to the second to!